Around 1970 idi amin expelled all indian out of Uganda and confiscated their properties. The then congress government did nothing. The indians were left to fend for themselves. Had Modi been there then the results could have been different.
“We are determined to make the ordinary Ugandan master of his own destiny, and above all to see that he enjoys the wealth of his country. Our deliberate policy is to transfer the economic control of Uganda into the hands of Ugandans, for the first time in our country’s history.”
— Idi Amin, quoted in Uganda: a modern history.
Ugandan soldiers during this period engaged in theft and physical and sexual violence against the Asians with impunity. After the expulsion, the Asians’ businesses were handed over to Amin’s supporters.
Following the expulsion of Indians in 1972, India severed diplomatic relations with Uganda. The Indian government warned Uganda of dire consequences, but took no action when Amin’s government ignored the ultimatum. Many of the Indians were citizens of the United Kingdom and Colonies and subsequently emigrated to the United Kingdom. Others became stateless after being stripped of Ugandan citizenship. Most of the Ugandan Indian refugees who were accounted for went to Britain, which took around 27,200 refugees. 6,000 refugees went to Canada, 4,500 refugees ended up in India and 2,500 refugees went to nearby Kenya. Malawi, Pakistan, West Germany and the United States took 1,000 refugees each, with smaller numbers emigrating to Australia, Austria, Sweden, Norway, Mauritius and New Zealand. About 20,000 refugees were unaccounted for. Instead of allowing them to migrate to the UK, the British government had sought agreement from its British overseas territories to resettle them; however, only the Falkland Islands responded positively.
Some of those expelled were Nizari Ismaili Muslims. The Aga Khan, the Imam of Nizari Ismailis phoned his long-time friend Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau. Trudeau’s government agreed to allow thousands of Nizari Ismailis to immigrate to Canada.
Before the expulsion, Asians owned many large businesses in Uganda but the purge of Asians from Uganda’s economy was virtually total. In total, some 5,655 firms, ranches, farms, and agricultural estates were reallocated, along with cars, homes and other household goods. For political reasons, most (5,443) were reallocated to individuals, with 176 going to government bodies, 33 being reallocated to semi-state organisations and 2 going to charities. Possibly the biggest winner was the state-owned Uganda Development Corporation, which gained control over some of the largest enterprises up for grabs, though both the rapid nature of the growth and the sudden lack of experienced technicians and managers proved a challenge for the corporation, resulting in a restructuring of the sector in 1974